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how to retell a text

how to retell a text

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Look through the text. What is its main topic? What field is it in? What is its main idea?
Start with...

"It’s an abstract from the (research) work of a famous/well-known/major/ scientist(historian, linguist, economist, theorist, analyst, practitioner, etc.)

  1. The article I’ve just read deals with the problems of ...
  2. The article might be regarded a part of a bigger research which deals in...
  3. The main topic of this article is...
  4. This chapter is devoted to...
  5. The main questions touched upon by this chapter/article/work are numerous. They are...
  6. This original paper/article/work addresses itself to some of the central issues in (the relevance theoretic research, modern economic theory of... etc)
  7. The aim of the article is to investigate/explore/show/help understand/ some of the issues of ...
  8. This chapter/article provides an outline of the theoretical basis of...

 

 

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Now read the text more carefully. What parts can you divide it into? How many parts are there?

 

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Work on each part of the text (the parts the text falls into may show as paragraphs). What is the main idea of each part? Try to find the key statements in each part and put them down. They may be 1-2 sentences from each paragraph/part of the text.
Use...

  1. Several paragraphs of the article investigate ...(the distinction, the features, characteristics of..)
  2. In (the) other part(s) of the article/chapter the author explores.. ( the role of the theoretic notion of...)
  3. Some of the central issues dealt with in this part are.....
  1. The author

shows...

combines ideas of...

assumes that...

further develops the idea that...

examines the data received from.../the matter/major theoretic perspectives of ...

explores the methodological issues of...

pays tribute to....

  1. By concentrating on....., the authors analyze how.....
  2. This exploration provides a description of ......, and also reveals the nature and significance of.....

 

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Now add some details to the sceleton. They can be from the text - some interesting facts that illustrate the theory or what not . Think of some opinions of your own: what do you think of this or that idea of the author? Is this matter interesting for you? Does it go with your own research? Do you agree with the hypotheses presented? Let your statements be noticeable and attracting attention so as to wake those who are listening...
Use:

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Let’s see how the author proves (that).....
I would like to point out that...
I would like to attract your attention to the following...
To my opinion this supposition/idea/ is...
We should bear in mind that...
I would rather prefer to consider .... /take it like this:....
As for me I don’t think that...
I’m afraid but ...
I do not quite agree that...
I cannot but praise ...(the work of this author .. etc.)

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Now you seem ready. Start to speak and...good luck!

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Here is an example of annotation:
By the analysis of different theories, following a similar outline for each of them, this book permits a critical reflection on these questions. It also aims at making the current research in which these theories are present more accessible for the reader. Moreover, this research, by considering issues on (the dynamics of the processing of information, its contextualisation, and the fundamental cognitive abilities of the speaker,) is also in line with broader issues concerning, for instance, different domains of (computer science or also cognitive) sciences. The different theories dealt with are (First Order Predicate Logic, Intensional Semantics, Boolean Semantics, General Semantics (Vanderveken), Dynamic Semantics, Situation Theory and Cognitive Grammar).

 

Категория: Полезные статьи | Добавил: Админ (25.01.2012)
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